The Role of Doctors in Anesthesia in Operating Procedures - OOKINFO
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6/05/2019

The Role of Doctors in Anesthesia in Operating Procedures

Some people might assume that the work of an anesthetist is limited to providing anesthesia. Though the duties and responsibilities carried out by the anesthetist include many things, including monitoring the patient's condition and ensuring the patient does not feel pain during and after surgery.
 

The anesthetist is a specialist who is responsible for providing anesthesia or anesthesia to patients who want to undergo surgical procedures (surgery) and other medical procedures.


The anesthetist is part of the surgical team, which works with surgeons and nurses. The anesthetic action performed by this specialist doctor is in the form of providing sedative drugs and painkillers. The goal is for the patient to fall asleep and not feel pain during the surgical procedure.

 

The Role of Doctors Anesthesiologist


Broadly speaking, the responsibilities of the anesthetist include:

  • Providing perioperative services, namely medical procedures needed for surgery. These include preparations for surgery, intraoperative services (during surgery), and postoperative services.
  • Determine treatment to prevent and eliminate pain in patients, both in the surgical procedure and in patients with certain medical conditions. For example in cancer patients, patients who want to give birth, and in patients who will undergo an endoscopic procedure.
  • Provide emergency treatment, including resuscitation measures in critical patients and patients in intensive care.
 

Responsibilities of Doctors for Anesthesia in Surgery


The anesthetist has tasks both before surgery, during surgery, and after surgery. The following is the explanation:

Before the operation


The responsibility of the anesthetist starts from before the surgical procedure is carried out. At this stage, the anesthetist is in charge of making an evaluation before anesthesia, which is to ensure that the patient is fit for surgery.

In addition, the anesthetist will also make an anesthetic plan that is suitable for the patient's condition. This includes what type of anesthesia will be used, as well as the method of breathing apparatus to be given.

Some things that anesthetists consider before giving anesthesia include:

  • Current patient condition and previous patient's medical history. The anesthesiologist will check whether the patient has been operated on, the type of surgery, health problems he has (such as diabetes or heart disease). The patient is also asked to tell the doctor whether he or his family member has an allergy to drugs or other medicines.
  • Type of operation. For example, patients may need general anesthesia to ensure comfort and safety during major surgery.
  • The results of the medical examination include physical and supporting examinations, such as a blood test or an electrocardiogram (ECG).
 

During surgery


Before the surgery begins, the anesthetist will carry out anesthesia in the patient, and make sure the anesthesia works properly. When the surgery takes place, the role of the anesthetist is still needed to assist the patient during the operation.

During the procedure, the anesthetist will monitor the patient's condition and vital signs, such as pulse and heart rhythm, breathing, and blood pressure. In addition, the anesthetist will also monitor whether the patient feels pain or not.

After operation


After the surgery was over, the anesthetist's assignment did not stop there. He is still responsible for monitoring the patient's awareness and condition during the recovery phase.

This includes checking the condition of the postoperative patient and possible complications. Anesthetists are also needed to treat pain that appears after surgery until the patient feels comfortable.
 

Anesthesia Doctor with Special Specialties


Every anesthetist was trained to handle patients in the operating room, but not a few anesthetists took subspecialties, for example in the field of critical patient care requiring intensive care ( ICU ).

There is also a pediatric anesthetist who handles pain management and anesthesia in children, neuroanesthesia who handles neurosurgery operations, and an anesthetist who studies the field of pain management, such as chronic pain or cancer-related pain.

Anesthetists are needed to provide comfort and safety to patients undergoing surgery and other medical procedures. He is also responsible for the safety and health of patients, as well as carrying out operations that are in accordance with procedures.

For this reason, patients or patients' families need to consult with an anesthetist before undergoing surgery.
 

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