Symptoms and Treatment of DHF in Infants - OOKINFO
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6/12/2019

Symptoms and Treatment of DHF in Infants

Mother, babies under 1 year are more at risk of developing dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), you know! Therefore, you are advised to be observant of the initial symptoms.
 
DHF or dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease that is common in tropical countries, such as Indonesia. This disease is caused by the dengue virus which can infect humans through the bite of A. aegypti mosquitoes. Anyone can get this disease, including babies and children.


Symptoms of DHF


A person can experience dengue within 4-10 days after being bitten by a mosquito carrying a dengue virus. When exposed to DHF, the Little One can show some signs and symptoms, namely :

  • High fever for 2-7 days. The temperature of fever can reach 39 to 41 degrees Celsius.
  • Indigestion, such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • Appetite decreases or does not want to suckle at all.
  • Looks sleepy.
  • More fussy than usual.
  • A rash appears on the skin.
  • Bleeding nosebleeds or gums.
  • There is blood in the stool, urine, or vomit.
  • Hard to breathe.

If your child experiences the above symptoms, it is recommended to immediately take him to the nearest doctor or hospital to get an examination and treatment.
 

Treatment and Treatment of DHF


Until now there is no specific treatment method for treating DHF. Handling given aims to reduce symptoms and prevent complications, while helping the body to fight the dengue virus and recover naturally.

Handling of DHF should be done in a hospital with monitoring from a doctor until the baby's condition improves. If your doctor allows your child to be treated at home, you can do the following things to treat your little one who is suffering from dengue fever :

  • Make sure your child doesn't lack fluids or dehydration. So, give fluid intake more often than usual. Infants aged 6 months and under are only allowed to drink breast milk or formula milk. Water can be given when your child is over 6 months old.
  • To relieve her fever, you can give a fever-lowering medication prescribed by a doctor.
  • Make sure your child has enough rest.
 

Don't Let Mosquitoes Bite It


The only effective way to prevent babies from getting dengue is to keep it away from mosquito bites because there is no vaccine that can protect babies from the dengue virus. The dengue vaccine is only recommended for children aged 9-16 years.

To keep the Little One from the mosquitoes that cause DHF, you can do the following :

  • Apply mosquito repellent containing DEET 7-20 percent, picaridin, or IR3535. However, this drug should only be used in infants aged 2 months and above.
  • Wear your little loose cotton clothes that cover the body to the legs and arms.
  • Install anti-mosquito nets or mosquito nets on the bed and stroller.
  • Also, install anti-mosquito nets in windows and doors so that mosquitoes cannot enter the house.
  • Clean water reservoirs, such as bathtubs, flower vases, gutters, and reservoirs of drinking water, at least once a week. After cleaning, do not forget to close the reservoirs.
  • Dispose of waste that can hold water, such as plastic and used bottles, so that mosquitoes do not lay eggs there.

If your baby's condition worsens after the fever drops, immediately bring him back to the doctor. The critical period in DHF often occurs when the body temperature drops after the fever phase. This condition requires monitoring and medical care from a pediatrician in the hospital.

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