Know the Role of Oral Surgeons and Treated Diseases - OOKINFO
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6/05/2019

Know the Role of Oral Surgeons and Treated Diseases

An oral surgeon is a specialist dentist who treats diseases of the mouth, teeth, jaw and tongue, especially with surgery. Oral surgeons need to have a dental education background, then complete specialist education in the field of oral surgery.

The scope of the field handled by oral surgeons is quite extensive. Oral surgeons need to master dentistry as well as general surgery. In addition, oral surgeons also need to take specialization education for 5-6 years (around 12 semesters) after becoming a dentist.



To deal with a variety of conditions experienced by patients, oral surgeons also often collaborate with other specialists, such as dentists and specialist branches, ENT surgeons , plastic surgeons , and oncologists .

Diseases That Can Be Treated by Oral Surgeons

Oral surgeons have in-depth knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various diseases or conditions that occur in the mouth or jaw.

The following are various conditions that can be handled by an oral surgeon:
  • Abnormalities in the area of ​​the mouth and jaw, such as the cleft lip or palate .
  • Abscesses in the mouth and jaw area.
  • Tumors or cancers and cysts in the area of ​​the mouth and jaw, such as cancer of the salivary glands , oral cancer , tongue cancer , and dental cysts.
  • Tooth impaction , which is the failure of the tooth growth process in the right position, so that part or all of the teeth are trapped inside the gum.
  • Disorders of TMJ ( tempromandibular joint ), which is a joint that functions to move the jaw and connect the jaw to the skull.
  • Infection of teeth, gums and mouth. Examples are tooth abscesses and gums , or abscesses in the mouth and tongue tissue.
  • Impaired jaw movements, such as the trismus or rigid jaw.
  • Impaired position and structure of the jaw and teeth. For example, overbite , underbite , or retrognathia .
  • Nerve disorders in the mouth and jaw area, such as trigeminal neuralgia .
  • Injuries to the mouth and jaw area, including fractures or cracks in the jawbone.
  • Sleep disorders, such as snoring and sleep apnea .

Oral surgeons can also deal with various problems with the teeth and gums that require surgery including cavities, cracked teeth, gingivitis, and periodontitis .

Actions that can be done by a Oral Surgeon

In making a diagnosis, the oral surgeon will trace the medical history, as well as the symptoms that the patient feels. After that, the doctor will conduct a series of physical examinations on the patient's teeth, mouth and jaw.

To ensure a diagnosis, an oral surgeon can also advise patients to perform dental and oral or jaw X-ray examinations, CT scans , or MRI. Blood tests and tissue sampling by biopsy are also possible, if needed.

After the diagnosis is confirmed, the oral surgeon will determine the steps to treat it. Treatment can be with drugs or medical procedures. The aim is to restore the function of the affected mouth, teeth and jaw area.

The following are some of the actions that an oral surgeon can take:
  • Tooth extraction to the roots.
  • Installation of dental implants involving bone grafts.
  • Orthognathic surgery or jaw surgery.
  • Removal of cysts, tumors, or cancers in the mouth, tongue and jaw.
  • Reconstruction of the jaw and face.
  • Jaw joint surgery.
  • Oral or jaw deformity surgery, such as cleft lip surgery .
  • Salivary gland surgery.

Oral surgeons can also carry out radiation therapy, chemotherapy, plastic surgery, and installation of assistive devices in the mouth, such as jaw stretchers.

When do you need to go to the Oral Surgeon?

Impaired mouth and jaw, especially for long periods of time, can cause complications that can interfere with daily activities, such as chewing and talking.

Therefore, you should immediately go to the dentist or oral surgeon if you experience the following symptoms:
  • Jaws are painful, stiff, or ringing.
  • Gums are painful, swollen, festering, or bleeding.
  • The shape of the jaw is not aligned with the teeth.
  • Difficult or painful when chewing and swallowing.
  • There are deformities in the mouth and jaw area.
  • Tooth damaged or severely perforated .
  • Bad breath or mouth feels bad.
  • The jaw is difficult to move , even just to open the mouth.

The above symptoms may come and go or stay for a long time. Symptoms may also occur only on one side of the jaw or both.

Things that need to be prepared before meeting an oral surgeon

You generally go to an oral surgeon after getting a referral from a dentist. Before going to the oral surgeon, there are several things that need to be prepared to make it easier for doctors to determine the right treatment.

The following are some of the things you need to prepare and pay attention to before consulting an oral surgeon:
  • Bring the results of checks that you have done before, including a medical history from the dentist.
  • Convey the symptoms and complaints that you feel in detail.
  • Tell your doctor about your illness or family history. Some diseases, such as diabetes, make a person more susceptible to interference with the mouth and jaw.
  • Prepare a list of medicines that are being consumed (including supplements and herbal medicines), as well as allergies you have.
  • Tell your doctor about your habits, whether about oral hygiene or others, such as smoking.
  • Ask family or friends to accompany, so that you feel more calm if the surgery needs to be done immediately.

You can find out in advance about the costs required to conduct an examination with an oral surgeon. The costs that you will incur may not be small, especially if you need direct operation.

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