Know the Causes of Colon Cancer - OOKINFO
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6/05/2019

Know the Causes of Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that is common in both men and women. The exact cause of this cancer is often unknown, but there are a number of factors that can trigger its appearance. One of them is an unhealthy diet.

Most colon cancer begins with the growth of abnormal tissue called polyps. This intestinal polyp is benign and rarely causes symptoms. However, polyps can develop into malignant cancer over time.


Symptoms of colon cancer that usually brings sufferers to come to see a doctor are:

  • Abdominal pain for several days.
  • The feeling of wanting to defecate (BAB) is not lost even though it has been defecated.
  • Diarrhea or constipation for days, with thin, elongated stools.
  • Blood out during bowel movements.
  • Significant weight loss for no apparent reason.

Many scientific studies have shown that there are several factors that can increase a person's risk of developing colon cancer. Some of these factors can be avoided, but others do not.
 

Risk Factors that cannot be avoided


Some of the risk factors for colon cancer that cannot be avoided are:
 

1. Beru goes further


The risk of colon cancer increases with age. Usually, this cancer occurs in people aged over 50 years. Whereas in young people, cases of colon cancer are rarely found.
 

2. Having a family history of colon cancer


One in three colon cancer patients has family members who also experience it. People whose family members have had colon cancer, especially biological parents or siblings, have a higher risk of developing colon cancer as well. In addition, a history of intestinal polyps in the family is also referred to as one of the risk factors for colon cancer.
 

3. Have suffered from polyps or inflammatory bowel disease


Someone who has suffered from intestinal polyps or inflammatory bowel disease has a higher risk of developing colon cancer.
 

4. Have cancer


Someone who has had colon cancer and has undergone surgery has a risk of getting cancer again. Other types of cancer, such as ovarian cancer and uterine cancer, can also increase your risk of developing colon cancer.
 

5. Has certain genetic disorders


Some rare genetic disorders, such as Lynch syndrome and Gardner syndrome, can increase the risk of colon cancer.
 

Risk Factors That Can Be Avoided


Don't be discouraged if you have the above risk factors, because there are also a number of risk factors for colon cancer that can be avoided to minimize your chances of getting this disease. Some of these factors are:
 

1. Unhealthy diet


Research shows that consumption of red meat (such as beef), preserved meat, or processed meat (such as sausages or packaged meat), and high-fat meat increases the risk of colon cancer.

Consumption of meat cooked at high temperatures, such as fried or burned, also increases the risk of this cancer. In general, you are advised to avoid foods that are high in saturated fat and increase fiber consumption, to reduce the risk of developing colon cancer.

2. Consumption of alcohol


Drinking alcohol three or more times a day can increase the risk of developing colon cancer. Alcohol consumption is also associated with an increased risk of developing large intestinal benign tumors (adenomas).
 

3. Smoking habits


Smoking increases a person's risk of developing colon cancer and increases the risk of dying from the disease. A smoker also has a higher risk of recurrence of colon cancer, even though he has been operated on.
 

4. Rarely exercise


By undergoing regular exercise, a person can maintain his ideal weight. Having an ideal body weight is called can help prevent colon cancer.
 

5. Obesity


People who are overweight or obese are more at risk of developing colon cancer and are more at risk of dying from colon cancer, than people with normal weight.

Most cases of colon cancer are difficult to determine the exact cause. However, by knowing the risk factors above, you can make prevention efforts early.

To avoid colon cancer, you are advised to exercise sufficiently, maintain ideal body weight, eat foods high in fiber and low in saturated fat, and not smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages.

If you have had colon cancer, polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, or if there are family members who have had colon cancer, do a medical check-up with your doctor. The doctor will do the tests needed to assess whether you are at risk of developing colon cancer.

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