Complete Information About Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons - OOKINFO
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6/05/2019

Complete Information About Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons

Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons are specialists who handle cases of a disease in the organs in the chest cavity, especially the heart and lungs. The task of this specialist is starting from making a diagnosis, giving medication, to handling it by surgery.

To become a thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon, a person needs to have an educational background in general and complete specialist education in the fields of thoracic, cardiac and vascular surgery for approximately 10 semesters or 5 years. After graduation, general practitioners will get a specialist degree as a thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon (Sp. BTKV).


Disorders in the chest area and heart have a high risk of complications ranging from infection, stroke, and even death. In dealing with patients, thoracic surgeons often work with doctors from other specialization branches, such as heart and blood vessel doctors, pulmonary doctors, and internal medicine doctors.
 

Sub Specialization Doctor of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery


The scope of the thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon work area is quite extensive, so it needs to be divided into several special divisions, namely:
 

General heart surgery


Dealing with various types of surgery for heart problems in adults, generally due to coronary heart disease, heart failure, and heart valve disease.
 

Chest surgery


Handle various types of surgery due to disorders of the chest area including the lungs, chest wall, esophagus, and diaphragm.

Heart surgery due to congenital disease


Dealing with the variety of congenital heart disease that has existed since birth in infants and children.
In addition, there are also thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons who explore the field of organ transplants in the chest cavity, such as heart and lung transplants, or specifically deal with cases of injury to the chest cavity.
 

Diseases That Can Be Treated by Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons


Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons have the competence to deal with the following conditions:

  • Heart problems, such as heart valve disease, heart failure, heart disease, cardiac tamponade, and cardiomyopathy.
  • A heart attack that requires heart surgery.
  • Congenital heart disease.
  • Heart rhythm abnormalities.
  • Cardiogenic shock.
  • Aortic aneurysm.
  • Cancer in the chest area, such as lung cancer and esophageal cancer.
  • Pneumothorax.
  • Severe emphysema.
  • Hiatus hernia.
  • Swallowing disorders, such as achalasia.

In determining a health problem or diagnosis of a patient's disease, a thoracic surgeon will conduct a series of examinations, namely physical and supporting examinations.

After tracing the patient's history of symptoms or disease history, and carrying out a physical examination, the doctor may then suggest a number of additional examinations, such as:

  • Blood and urine tests.
  • Chest radiograph, CT scan, MRI, and angiography.
  • ECG (electrocardiogram).
  • Echocardiography
  • Doppler ultrasound.
  • Heart biopsy.
 

Actions Can Be Performed by Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons

After the diagnosis is confirmed, the thoracic surgeon will determine the method of treatment. The aim is to restore the function of the chest organs, including the heart and lungs so that they can function properly again.

Before performing surgery, it is likely that the doctor will suggest steps for non-surgical treatment first such as lifestyle changes, or by administering medication.

If needed, then the thoracic surgeon will perform a number of surgical procedures or minimally invasive medical procedures to treat the patient's condition. Some of the procedures that can be performed by the thoracic surgeon are:

  • Cardiac vascular surgery, such as aortic surgery and Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) or heart bypass surgery.
  • Surgery for pneumonectomy, lobectomy or wedge resection, which is a medical procedure for removing the lungs partially or completely.
  • Installation of a pacemaker with a surgical method.
  • Heart valve surgery.
  • Angioplasty.
  • Organ, heart and lung transplants.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Removal of a tumor, cyst, or cancer in the lungs
  • Surgery for chest wall deformities.

In addition to major surgery, thoracic surgeons can utilize a variety of other advanced technologies to minimize incisions during surgery. This procedure is called a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The advantages of this procedure are less risk and recovery can take place more quickly.

When do you need to go to the Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Doctor?


Disorders of the heart and lungs can be very diverse, so the symptoms also vary greatly. Even so, in general, the following are signs and symptoms that indicate disorders of the heart and lung organs:

  • Pain or discomfort in the chest.
  • Chest pain that radiates to the jaw, neck, shoulders or back.
  • Heartbeat.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • A cold sweat.
  • Easy to get tired after physical activity.

If you experience the above symptoms, especially in the long term or those that disappear, you should immediately see a doctor. Disorders of the organs in the chest can be fatal if not treated immediately.

Preparation Before Meeting Doctor of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons

Someone usually goes to a thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon after getting a referral from a general practitioner, cardiologist, pulmonary specialist, or internal medicine specialist.

Therefore, before coming to the thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon, bring all the results of the examination that has been done before.

To diagnose and deal with cases of diseases suffered by patients, thoracic surgeons need to carry out a complete medical examination and obtain detailed information.

Therefore, do the following when consulting a thoracic surgeon:

  • Convey all the symptoms and complaints that you feel.
  • Explain a history of illness that you have suffered or a history of illness in the family.
  • Tell your doctor which medicines you are taking (including supplements and herbal medicines), and the allergies you have.
  • Also tell your daily habits, including exercise and smoking habits (active or passive).
  • Ask your family or friends to accompany you, so that you are calmer.

It is recommended to find out in advance about the costs required to carry out consultations and examinations to thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons because the possibility of the costs that you will incur is not small.

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